The mobile app development industry is constantly growing because mobile devices have become necessary for communication and even businesses. Today, mobile devices are used a lot to accomplish various business tasks. Additionally, technological revolutions have emerged so exceptionally that demand for adept mobile app developers has increased significantly.

Mobile app development includes various procedures that every app developer needs to know. Besides, before an app developer starts developing a mobile application, he needs to hold multiple required skills.

Today, we will let you know the top skills that every mobile app developer should hold.

Let’s start!


As you are here, you are looking to develop an app. So, for that, you should have a vision.

You should start with deep market research and come up with an app idea that could be successful. Next, you need to emerge with significant features that your app should hold.

So, before taking a fresh start, you should be all set with a vision of an app you want to craft.

Agile Methodologies & Scrum Management

If you want to develop a unique mobile app, you need to adopt the Agile development process. It’s suitable for the fast-moving mobile industry, where we witness a technological change every new day. Agile methodologies incorporate a sequence of fast design, development, and release events.

So, an app developer should know how to include agile methodologies in the app development process.

Key Aspects Of Agile Development

  • Target on Collaboration
  • Greater Transparency
  • Rapid Delivery Time
  • Constant Adaptation

Further, the best way to handle such projects is Scrum Management. Scrum facilitates a robust bond between developers and clients with dynamic communication schedules and persistent reviews.

Team Of Experts

Next, you need to decide whom to hire for app development. You will have various choices like hiring freelancers, a mobile app development company, or a group of developers from your friend circle.

You need to choose the one that would best suit your app development project. Moreover, remember to review the portfolios and reviews of the developers you will hire for your project.

Communication Skills

A good app developer should have strong communication skills that may enable him to convey the required instructions to the team member, explain the mobile app concept to them, and a lot more.

It states that an app developer should hold the caliber to communicate every required technicality in a language to his team members that may help them understand easily.

Problem Solving Skills

An adroit app developer should troubleshoot the issues or challenges the customers face in their routine lives.

Holding the analytical abilities and creativity, a mobile app developer should be an expert in identifying the issues they are facing. For that, they need to maintain a perfect problem-solving caliber that may make them capable of resolving those issues and emerge with a suitable solution.

Design Skills

The design simply means the entire look and feel of the app. Your customers get engaged with the appealing apps only. Besides, they like apps that perform flawlessly and are valuable for them.

So, the app developers should possess excellent designing skills and should know that may encourage the customers to use the app. We should first learn how to create wireframes for app development.

User Interface & User Experience

Today the app users want a highly responsive and engaging app that may be easy to use. Therefore, to meet their demand for engaging UX and UI increases even more.

The report says, most app users judge the apps by their very first impression only. Therefore, the market also demands creative designers with the required designing skills.

Key Aspects Of UI/UX Design

  • Basic tips
  • Responsive & Fast Loading
  • Good use of a unified color strategy
  • Activity indicators

Technical Skills

When it comes to technical proficiency, below are the skills that every app developer need to hold:

Know About Platforms

Apart from iOS and Android app development platforms, it would be best if a mobile app developer would be familiar with cross-platform app development frameworks, API development platforms, frameworks, and responsive design of web apps.

Have Knowledge About Programming Languages

An app developer needs to know most programming languages, especially basic C, HTML5, C++, JavaScript, etc.

Backend Computing Expert

To ensure that the app performs as expected, the developer needs to target various concepts of back-end computing, like memory allocation, database management, security, hardware management, and more.

Key Aspects Of Backend Computing

  • Collaboration Services
  • Database Management Systems
  • Languages & Frameworks
  • Local Development Environments

Hold The Understanding Of Other Phases

App development is not just relevant to coding. One needs to invest his effort and time in other phases of app development, like designing, QA, and marketing. So, a developer should know these phases also to make the app development process more manageable.

Business Knowledge

Besides all, an app developer should possess good business knowledge and should follow a business-centric approach. It will strengthen him to develop an app that may attain higher app visibility and earn higher revenue.

Key Aspects Of Business Knowledge

  • Strategic Alignment
  • Uniqueness
  • Technology Asset Lifecycle Management
  • Investment Decisions

Data Skills

For your app development, you would need experienced data engineers to craft useful databases and repositories achievable. A well-crafted database can lead to flawless apps with better performance.

The team of developers would receive data in various forms from different sources. So, the team needs to be skilled enough to know about such data sources and interact with them smoothly.

Writing Skills

Always be sure that your app includes high-quality writing also. If your app’s text looks like a non-technical person created, you also need to be extra conscious of writing.

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Cross-Platform Skills

An app developer needs to hold knowledge of various operating platforms performing in the industry. Today, three mobile platforms are widely used: Android, iPhone, and Windows.

An adept app developer should be versatile enough to develop apps on any platform and for any device.

Key Aspects Of Cross-Platform App Development

  • Simple Testing
  • Reusability of Codes
  • Service Support

QA And Performance Testing Skills

QA proficiency is essential for the smooth working of an app. The app users like using apps that are flawless and perform as expected.

So, your team of developers should possess the required QA mobile application testing skills.

Cloud Infrastructure

One of the essential parts of mobile app development, cloud infrastructure, demands that the developers be proficient in using modern technologies, such as Amazon Web Services and Microsoft Azure.

For example, Microsoft Azure is a platform that helps in deploying and handling apps and services.

On such platforms, most of the applications go live. So, your team needs to be an expert in interacting with them and may suggest the right and best one suiting your needs.

Product Management Skills

An essential link between the designing team and the client is a project manager. They understand the business needs of the app and the customer’s vision. Besides, they ensure that the app developers follow that vision perfectly to transform the app idea into reality.

Sales And Marketing Specialists

If you want your app to reach potential users and encourage them to download and use it, you also need a sales and marketing team. It will help in finding and qualifying leads, which will result in the enhanced app revenue.


To ensure the security of your app, you need to keep your customers’ privacy secured, all the checks, logs, and balances in place, and your system safe from compromises.

Well, the risk is everywhere. In mobile app development also, you will encounter various risks. So, we can’t control that, but we can minimize it.

Your app development team should know security protocols and the best practices and tools to make the app safe.

Key Aspects Of Security

  • Disaster recovery
  • End-user education
  • Application security
  • Operational security

Internet Of Things

Today, the trend of IoT-enabled devices and industry is growing extensively; app developers need to possess knowledge about developing apps interfaces with other devices connected to the Internet.

This case suits the mobile enterprise app as there would be more options for online payments and customer loyalty reward initiatives. So, remember the power of IoT and how it can improvise the future of app development.

Key Aspects Of The Internet Of Things

  • Network Interconnection
  • Data Analytics
  • User interface
  • System Security

Skills to Become An Android App Developer

  • Knowledge of Java and Kotlin
  • Familiar with OOPS fundamentals (like inheritance, Variables, class, Lists, Loops and static methods)
  • Experience with Android SDK concepts
  • Knowledge of Fundamentals of Views, View Groups, and Layouts
  • User input
  • Storing data
  • Action bars
  • Adapting apps for different screen sizes
  • Worked with SQL
  • Knowledge of using Git
  • Basics of XML
  • Know how to use Android Studio

Skills to Become An iOS App Developer

  • Knowledge of Swift 3.0 programming language
  • Familiar with Apple Design Guidelines
  • Familiar with Apple Human Interface Guidelines
  • Used Apple’s Xcode IDE
  • Knowledge of JSON- JavaScript Object Notation
  • Spatial Reasoning


As app development is constantly evolving, the expertise and skills needed to be an adept app developer will also keep on increasing with this trend.

So, while hiring a mobile app development company or an app development team, be sure to possess the skills mentioned above. This way, you will kick-start a path towards a successful mobile app.

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CTO at Emizentech and a member of the Forbes technology council, Amit Samsukha, is acknowledged by the Indian tech world as an innovator and community builder. He has a well-established vocation with 12+ years of progressive experience in the technology industry. He directs all product initiatives, worldwide sales and marketing, and business enablement. He has spearheaded the journey in the e-commerce landscape for various businesses in India and the U.S.